How To Teach Pronunciation. Gerald Kelly

Longman, 2001. - 164 с. Book + 1 Audio CD

This book aims to help teachers gain theoretical knowledge and to confirm and extend what they already know. It also suggests a variety of practical ideas, skills and activities for the classroom. The book shows teachers how to integrate pronunciation work with the treatment of grammar and lexis in order to help students appreciate its relevance and importance for successful communication.
• Chapter 1 explores the features and physiology of pronunciation, and introduces phonemic transcription.
• Chapter 2 deals with various approaches to teaching pronunciation, and introduces three types of lesson: "Integrated lessons, where pronunciation is fully integrated with the other aspects of the language being taught; Remedial lessons and activities, which deal with pronunciation difficulties and issues which arise in class; and Practice lessons and activities, where particular aspects of pronunciation are addressed in their own right.
• Chapters 3 to 8 separate out various areas of pronunciation, and cover
—theory, factual knowledge and ideas for the classroom.
All the chapters except the first one contain a range of sample lessons which demonstrate Integrated, Remedial and Practice lesson types.
The Task File at the back of the book comprises a number of tasks relevant to each chapter. They can be used for individual study and reflection, or for discussion and revision in a training context. An answer key is provided where appropriate.
The appendices offer a newly designed learners' reference chart of English sounds, a summary of common pronunciation difficulties, a set of sound and spelling tables, and suggestions for further reading.
The Compact Disc accompanying the book contains examples of sounds and sentences from the text. The relevant CD track numbers are indicated within the book by the symbol on the left.


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1 The description of speech 1
• What are the main features of pronunciation?
• The physiology of pronunciation
• The articulation of phonemes
• Phonemic transcription
• Phonetics and phonology
2 Teaching pronunciation 11
• Why teach pronunciation?
• Problems and approaches in pronunciation teaching
• What pronunciation model to teach
• Techniques and activities
• Sample lessons
3 Vowels 29
• The characteristics of the 'pure' vowel sounds
• The characteristics of diphthongs
• Raising awareness of vowel sounds
• Sample lessons
• Further ideas for activities
4 Consonants 47
• The characteristics of the consonant sounds
• Raising awareness of consonant sounds
• Sample lessons
• Further ideas for activities
5 Word and sentence stress 66
• What is word stress?
• What is unstress?
• Rules of word stress
• Levels of stress
• Sentences: Stress timing and syllable timing
• Sentence stress and tonic syllables
• Sentence stress and weak forms
• Raising awareness of word and sentence stress
• Sample lessons
• Further ideas for activities
• Pnrrinp- sentence stress into nersnective
6 Intonation 86
• What is intonation, and why teach it?
• Tones, tonic syllables and tone units
• Grammar and intonation
Sample lessons
• Attitude and intonation
Sample lessons
• Discourse and intonation
Sample lessons
• How teachable is intonation?
7 Other aspects of connected speech 108
• Why 'other' aspects of connected speech?
• Assimilation
• Elision
• Linking and intrusion
• Juncture
• Contractions
• Should we teach these aspects of connected speech?
• Sample lessons
8 Pronunciation and spelling 122
• English spelling is not phonetic
• Regular features of English pronunciation and spelling
• Problems and approaches in the teaching of pronunciation and spelling
• Sample lessons
Task File 132
Task File Key 141
Appendices 143
• Appendix A: Learners' reference chart of English sounds
• Appendix B: Common pronunciation difficulties
• Appendix C: Spelling and pronunciation tables
• Appendix D: Further reading
Index 154