The actual character of the paper

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Preface 2
I. Theory and history of the death penalty 4
1.1. The death penalty worldwide 4
1.2. History of the capital punishment 7
1.3. Methods of execution 12
II. Arguments for and against the death penalty 18
2.1. Arguments in support of the death penalty 18
2.2. Arguments in opposition of the death penalty 22
III. Death penalty in the USA 28
3.1. American death penalty laws 28
3.2. Current issues of the death penalty 47
Conclusion 55
Bibliography 57

The actual character of the paper. Capital punishment in the United States is officially sanctioned by 38 of the 50 states, as well as by the federal gove
ment and the military. The overwhelming majority of executions are performed by the states; the federal gove
ment maintains the right to use capital punishment (also known as the death penalty) but does so relatively infrequently. Each state practicing capital punishment has different laws regarding its methods, age limits, and crimes which qualify. The state of Texas has performed more executions than any other state.
ational developments in the past decade have produced a clear and em-phatic trend away from capital punishment as countries abandon its use, call upon the remaining death penalty states to sharply curtail its use, and formulate inte
ational agreements which express a strong preference for an end to all executions. Weste
Europe has abolished the death penalty; Russia commuted the death sentences of all 700 of its condemned prisoners to life; and the U.N. Commission on Human Rights has called for a moratorium on all executions. The number of countries that have stopped implementing the death penalty has grown to an all-time high of 105.
By defying inte
ational agreements and tu
ing a deaf ear to the entreaties of its friends, the U.S. is increasingly positioning itself as a human rights violator on this issue. By executing juvenile offenders and the mentally ill; by executing citizens from other countries who were not afforded the simple protections U.S. citizens rou-tinely expect abroad; and by ignoring inte
ational norms against expanding the death penalty, the U.S. is showing disrespect for inte
ational human rights law both at home and abroad.
Capital punishment is a highly charged issue with many groups and prominent individuals participating in the debate. Arguments for and against it are based on moral, practical, religious, and emotional grounds. Advocates of the death...

The death penalty, or capital punishment, is the execution of a convicted crimi-nal by the State as punishment for crimes known as capital crimes or capital offences. Historically, the execution of criminals and political opponents was used by nearly all societies – both to punish crime and to suppress political dissent. Among democratic countries around the world, most European and Latin American states have abolished capital punishment while the United States, Guatemala, and most of the Caribbean as well as democracies in Asia and Africa retain it. Among non-democratic countries, the use of the death penalty is common but not universal.
There are following authorized methods of execution: hanging, lethal injection, electrocution, gas chamber, firing squad.
Capital punishment is a contentious issue. Supporters of capital punishment ar-gue that it deters crime, prevents recidivism, and is an appropriate punishment for the crime of murder. Opponents of capital punishment argue that it does not deter crimi-nals more than life imprisonment, violates human rights, leads to executions of some who are wrongfully convicted, and discriminates against minorities and the poor.
The death penalty for violent criminals and murderers should be introduced in every State which has a developed judicial system. It brings forth the greatest possi-ble justice for society and the victim of crimes. Punishment must be held in propor-tion to the crime for justice to be served. And justice – not humanity – must be the co
erstone by which ruthless violent criminals and murderers shall be judged. It shows the greatest respect for the ordinary man’s – and especially the victim of crimes – inviolable value. Society acknowledges and exalts the value of the lives of victims of crime on the most visible way by punishing violent criminals and murder-ers with death. It recognizes man’s natural sense of justice. It has been put down in man that the most heinous outrage must have the...